Climate Resilient and
Inclusive Cities Project

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By: Hizbullah Arief *

Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities (CRIC), climate project under United Cities and Local Governments Asia-Pacific (UCLG ASPAC) attended focus group discussion for non-party stakeholders (NPS) hosted by Directorate of Adaptation, Directorate General of Climate Change, Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF). 

The event discussed Indonesia’s second nationally determined contribution (SNDC) at Hotel Santika Premier Slipi, Tuesday, 14 May 2024. Nationally determined contribution (NDC) is the heart of Paris Agreement. NDC forms the basis for countries to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement. They contain information on targets, and policies and measures for reducing national emissions and on adapting to climate change impacts.

UNFCCC requires country’s NDC to be "ambitious efforts" towards "achieving the purpose of this Agreement" and to "represent a progression over time". The contributions should be set every five years and are to be registered by the UNFCCC Secretariat.

The Indonesia’s SNDC event started with presentation from DR. Irawan Asaad, S.T, M.Sc, the new Director of Adaptation, MoEF. According to DR. Irawan, the effects of climate changes in Indonesia’s priority sectors are imminent. These priority sectors are: food, water, energy, health, ecosystem and disaster.

The meeting discussed the element of adaptation in Indonesia’s second nationally determined contribution. Adaptation element is part of national commitments to support climate actions. The meeting listened to both party and non-party stakeholders in efforts to make the SNDC document more comprehensive.

DR. Irawan mentioned that Indonesia’s second NDC will be built on FNDC (First NDC) achievements that provide recommendations for the renewal of Indonesian government’s Nationally Determined Contributions to pursue climate adaptation and mitigation actions.

Specific to climate adaptation actions, Ministry of Environment and Forestry have performed gap analysis on development and achievements of Indonesia’s 1st NDC found in Updated NDC, Enhanced NDC, Roadmap NDC and Indonesia’s Adaptation Commitments (AdCom) 2030.

Directorate of Adaptation, MoEF, follows up the result of this gap analysis with evaluation meetings or focus group discussions to get feedbacks from party and non-party stakeholders. The expected results of these evaluation meeting and focus group discussions are recommendations that will be channelled into six NDC policies: regulation, program, tools, literacy, practices and financing.

CRIC project contributed to the discussion by sharing project’s achievements in 10 pilot cities (Cirebon, Bandar Lampung, Pekanbaru, Pangkalpinang, Samarinda, Banjarmasin, Kupang, Mataram, Gorontalo dan Ternate).

CRIC project in the last four years had completed both mitigation and adaptation trainings that produced important “underlying assets” to support climate mitigation and adaptation actions.

In term of mitigation actions, all of CRIC pilot cities produced greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory, GHG baseline and GHG emission projections up until 2030.

For adaptation actions, CRIC conveyed the most important lessons from pilot cities to the SNDC audiences. Talking about the importance of adaptation data, CRIC project supported all pilot cities to calculate their climate risk and vulnerability profiles and listed priorities for adaptation actions. These assets are important to create real climate adaptation actions including for tools and financing development.

DR. Irawan at the end of FGD meeting expressed appreciations to all non-party stakeholders including to UCLG ASPAC for supporting climate adaptation action at field. This meeting will be followed by the next FGD meetings prior the to final submission of Indonesia’s second nationally determined contributions to UNFCCC next year.


* Hizbullah Arief is CRIC Project Manager.

A unique cooperation between cities, officials, civil society organizations, and academics towards resilient and inclusive cities.

Co-funded by EU

This project is co-funded by the European Union


Hizbullah Arief

Pascaline Gaborit