In the Kupang City of Indonesia, the impacts of climate change are likely to exacerbate water access and availability problems. The local government with Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities are teaming up to solve this long-standing problem.
"We need a breakthrough and innovative solution to tackle water scarcity in Kupang. There are already short-term and long-term initiatives in place to improve water access, but we need more hands to help us, which CRIC can do," said the Mayor of Kupang, Dr. Jefirstson Riwu Kore at his office in Kupang on Tuesday (8/6).
The water problem
The territorial split in 1996 formed the City of Kupang and the Regency of Kupang. Despite their administrative boundary, both have characteristic dry land and low rainfall with four months of the wet season and eight months of the dry season. People in Kupang rely on groundwater and surface water to get their water supplies. All surface water sources in Kupang come from the upstream areas in the Regency of Kupang.
The residents get their water from a state-owned water utility company/PDAM, individually owned drilling wells, privately run tanker trucks, and water depots. PDAM, as the state-owned operator, provides water with the piped system to only 24% of the city's 470,000 population.
The Head of Kupang Planning Agency Jeffry Pelt said that the destruction of water catchment areas in the southern part of the city will result in water insecurity in long term. "Water catchment areas turned to human settlements due to the city's growing population. Climate change will pose more risks with erratic rainfall and shrink water supplies," he said.
Building climate resilience
Kupang is one of the ten pilot cities committed to tackling climate change through local climate actions. The visit from CRIC to Kupang from 7 to 11 June 2021 concludes that the city needs to anticipate the impacts of climate change on water sources. During this visit, CRIC had an audience meeting with the Mayor of Kupang and discussed the water issue with the CRIC Working Group.
In the CRIC Working Group meeting, CRIC Project Coordinator Putra Dwitama emphasized the need "to address water scarcity problem through the lens of climate change." He also said that CRIC would assist the city through capacity-building activities, technical assistance, and alternative financing during project intervention.
CRIC will deliver climate change mitigation and adaptation training to develop Climate Action Plan (CAP) from July 2021 to February 2022 to ten pilot cities. The training seeks to improve local governments' capacity to develop local climate actions in line with the national government's climate change commitment. The training will eventually help the city improve its resilience to climate hazards while ensuring an equitable distribution of social, environmental, and economic benefits from the implementation of Climate Action Plans. CRIC, through ECOLISE, will also develop a water management tool to improve water governance in Kupang.
Learn more about Kupang: Urban Analysis Report
Four Indonesian mayors who were elected in 2020 announced a collective commitment to low-carbon and climate-resilient development goals by signing a Mayor’s Commitment on Monday (31/5). This move marks the strategic role that city governments hold in achieving Indonesia’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) pledge to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 29% independently, or by 41% with international assistance, by 2030.
The mayors of Bandar Lampung, Samarinda, Mataram, and Ternate signed the Mayor’s Commitment at the “Climate Resilience Policy Dialogue and Mayor’s Commitment Signing” event hosted by the Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities (CRIC) Project. The CRIC Project is funded by the European Union and supported by the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Its implementation involves ten Indonesian pilot cities committed to adopt climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.
“Indonesia local governments are finalising their Medium-Term Regional Development Plans, today’s event is a momentum to advocate for climate resilience integration into city development planning. The mayors who signed the commitment demonstrate their resolution to advance sustainable, climate-resilient, and inclusive development in the next five years,” says UCLG ASPAC’s Secretary-General Dr. Ir. Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi MSc., MPP.
CRIC Project assists local governments to improve their capacities in Climate Action Plans formulation through a series of climate change mitigation and adaptation training. Ten selected pilot cities will develop measurable climate action proposals which can help them cut their carbon emissions and increase community adaptive capacity.
The Ministry of Environment and Forestry’s Director of Adaptation to Climate Change Sri Tantri Arundhati says that climate-resilient city is a key programme in Indonesia’s adaptation NDC to build ecosystem and landscape resilience, which is further elaborated in the updated NDC.
Indonesia has identified climate change as one of its development priorities as outlined in the National Medium-Term Development Plans 2020-2024. Indonesia also aims to formulate 20,000 climate villages (Proklim) by 2024, to which CRIC’s ten pilot cities could help to contribute.
The European Union reiterates its international commitment to climate change through the CRIC Project. “European Union, through European Green Deal, sets a road map that will take Europe as a climate-neutral continent while advancing sustainable development with our international partners. European Union supports and facilitates the development of innovation and knowledge to support climate actions at a city level through a long-lasting partnership between local governments, private sectors, universities and local communities,” says Henriette Faergemann, First Counsellor for Environment, Climate Action and Digital the European Union Delegation to Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam.
Climate Change Policy Dialogue and Integrity Pact Signing takes place on Monday (31/5) from 10:00 (GMT+7). This is a hybrid event that combines an in-person event with a virtual event.
Four elected Indonesian Mayors from the 2020 election will present the climate programme and announce their commitment to climate-resilient development goals in their cities at Policy Dialogue on Climate Change and Mayor’s Commitment Signing event on Monday, May 31, at 10 am (GMT+7).
Indonesian local governments holding the 2020 general election are currently formulating Mid-Term Regional Development Plans. It is against this backdrop that there is a need to ensure that climate resilience issues are integrated into city planning. Especially at a time when at a national level, Indonesia is racing with time to meet its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target to reduce GHG emissions by 29% independently and 41% with international assistance by 2030. In less than a decade, Indonesian cities must take part in transforming political commitment into concrete climate actions.
Given the urgency of this issue, Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities Project will host a hybrid event that will bring together the Mayors of Ternate, Bandar Lampung, Mataram, Samarinda and policymakers from the Indonesia Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF). The event seeks to facilitate dialogue between local and national governments in a bid to strengthen climate governance and urge local governments to reiterate their commitment to climate-resilient and inclusive development.
The offline event will take place with limited participants.
Zoom link: http://bit.ly/CRICdialogue31Mei2021
YouTube live streaming: @Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities
Moderator: Sri Indah Wibi Nastiti - General Manager of APEKSI.
Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities (CRIC) Project successfully organised a virtual courtesy call with the Indonesia Ministry of Environment and Forestry’s Directorate General of Climate Change on Friday (30/4) in a bid to strengthen the ongoing collaboration to build resilience to climate change.
The courtesy call came at an excellent time since the Directorate General of Climate Change has just undergone the change of leadership with the appointment of Ir. Laksmi Dhewanthi, MA as the Director General (DG) of Climate Change to replace Dr. Ruandha Agung Sugardiman. The meeting was used to congratulate the new DG and getting acquainted with one another and discuss future priority agenda.
After presiding over the meeting, the DG of Climate Change said that it is her hopes that “the ten CRIC pilot cities can lead by example”, referring to the message pronounced by the Indonesian President Joko Widodo at the Virtual Leaders Summit on Climate Change on April 22, 2021. In doing so she expressed that the project needs to connect to other climate change initiatives in the region, take a proactive stand in publishing and disseminating the best practices to other cities and countries and make sure that the project can really deliver by ensuring concrete actions at a city level.
Both the DG of Climate Change Ir. Laksmi Dhewanthi, MA and UCLG ASPAC’s Secretary-General Dr. Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi agreed upon the importance to ensure that the CRIC Project can truly manifest climate action at a city level. “We’re looking forward to strengthening our collaboration. We also hope that the project (CRIC) can concretely measure project delivery and benefits,” the DG of Climate Change said.
In the virtual meeting, Dr. Bernadia shared some contributions the project is making to increase climate resilience. In terms of climate policy, CRIC contributes to the integration of climate resilience issues into the Medium-Term Regional Development Planning in five pilot cities that held local elections. CRIC will also help its ten pilot cities to formulate a climate village (Program Kampung Iklim), to further support Indonesia’s 20,000 Proklim targets by 2024. CRIC also advocates for climate leadership at a city level by obtaining Mayors’ commitment in ten cities to participate in the CRIC Project. “Through this project, we hope that Indonesian practices in building resilient cities can be a successful example that other cities in the Asia Pacific can follow suit,” she said.
The meeting also touched on the significance of knowledge management and utilisation to support policymaking and public awareness purposes. In line with this, CRIC through its five-year implementation will help increase the capacities of local government to mitigate and adapt to climate change. CRIC will ensure that best practices at a city level in terms of governance, collaboration, innovation, local action and financing will be leveraged and replicated to other cities.
On the 19th of March 2021, Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities held a workshop on coastal capacity building to support climate resilient solutions to disaster. The event, organised by Pilot4Dev with the support of UCLG ASPAC, presented solutions from European, Indonesian and Indian experts to help local governments in coastal cities anticipate the impact of climate change. The event, which gathered more than 80 individual participants including speakers and panelists, was a great success and generated quite a lot of interest from participating cities.
Climate governance is at the heart of climate action. In Cirebon City of West Java, Mayor Drs. H Nashrudin Azis, SH reaffirmed his commitment to tackling climate change through the promotion of collaborative and community-based sustainable waste management efforts.
“We are proud to be selected as one of ten pilot cities. This motivates us to tackle one of the most long-standing and pressing problems in Cirebon, which is waste management,” Mayor Nashrudin said at the Mayor’s Office in Cirebon, on Thursday (4/3). On this occasion, the Mayor also received the Urban Analysis Report from CRIC. One of the recommendations stated in the Report urges Cirebon to transition towards sustainable waste management.
The Climate Resilient and Inclusive Cities (CRIC) Project ensured cities’ needs for an inclusive and climate-resilient goal by linking them with the right partners. It was conducted through a five-day Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in thematic sectors from 1 to 4 February and 11 February 2021. The FGD was held as a follow-up action after the Urban Analysis Report (UAR) publication in 2020. The report altogether with the result of FGD provides the basis for tool development to help pilot cities to solve their climate challenges in three priority sectors: waste management, water and sanitation, and early warning system (EWS).
This week, we are celebrating CRIC's 1st anniversary !
For this occasion, meet some of our partners who are working on this project at the links below !
Climate change has impacted urban areas; its effect would not be felt similarly in all cities. Each city has different characteristics centered on its limitations in fiscal, social and environmental terms.
It is essential to gain better proof of these vulnerabilities within the CRIC Project context to help cities have practical assistance, tools, and observations applicable to each of the cities in their attempts to tackle climate change. The CRIC Project has completed urban Analysis Reports that highlight the region's profile, current policies and programmes relevant to climate change, policy differences and recommendations. The UARs are crucial guides that allow people to see the initiative's course whilst helping cities develop effective policy and strategies.
The CRIC project promotes the development of technologies to promote sustainable development to solve urban issues related to climate adaptation and inclusivity. This is a continuation and a final clarification of the tool creation recommendation, based on the UAR review and series conversation performed with pilot cities. Each industry and city's problems will be discussed in a focus group style format.
The objective of the Focus Group Discussions is to facilitate policy dialogue, the exchange of information and experience on good practice among policymakers in line ministries and 10 pilot cities with UCLG ASPAC, CRIC (including project partners), APEKSI, development actors and other related stakeholders on recent developments and challenges in both of the above strategic sectors. It will also bring relevant sources and experts from the intended agencies together to obtain constructive inputs on the instruments' scope to be developed. Findings and recommendations will be discussed for mutual understanding and agreement from project partners. Finally, it will also be the occasion to gather inputs on the strategic action plan as the CRIC project recommendations in strengthening the work and developing the tools.
The Focus Group Discussions will take place online over the first and second week of February 2021.
Join CRIC, in collaboration with the Indonesia Ministry of Environment and Forestry and Ministry of Home Affairs, on December 10, for a free webinar on the topic "Integrating Inclusive Climate Resilience Issues in City Development and Planning," from 9 to 11:30 AM (UTC+7).
This is the second event of the CRIC webinar series seeking to provide a knowledge-sharing platform to discuss opportunities and challenges in creating a climate resilient and inclusive city. In this second webinar, CRIC will invite speakers from Indonesian ministries and urban planners who will provide policy guidance and insights to Indonesian cities that are formulating their Medium Term Regional Development Plans (RPJMD). CRIC aims to help these cities integrate climate resilience and inclusivity into their RPJMD.
The panelists at this session will be:
The session will be facilitated by Dr. Wahyu Mulyana or Urban and Regional Development Institute
The event will be delivered in Indonesian.
Register here to join us on Thursday.